This book, initially published in 1853 as a pamphlet, was greatly revised and expanded and released as a book in 1858.
In the book, Hislop argued that the Catholic Church was a Babylonian mystery cult and pagan, but Protestants worshipped the true Jesus and the true God. He believed that Roman Catholic religious practices are pagan practices that were grafted onto true Christianity during the reign of Constantine. Then, the merger between the Roman state religion and its adoration of the mother and child was transferred to Christianity, merging Christian characters with pagan mythology. The goddess was renamed Mary, and Jesus was the renamed Jupiter-Puer, or "Jupiter the Boy".
Hislop believed that the goddess, in Rome called Venus or Fortuna, was the Roman name of the more ancient Babylonian cult of Ishtar, whose origins began with a blonde-haired and blue-eyed woman named Semiramis.
According to Hislop, Semiramis was an exceedingly beautiful woman, who gave birth to a son named Tammuz, was instrumental as the queen, and wife of Nimrod the founder of Babylon, and its religion, complete with a pseudo-Virgin Birth. Later, Nimrod was killed, and Semiramis, pregnant with his child, claimed the child was Nimrod reborn.
Hislop attempted to show that the cult and worship of Semiramis spread globally, her name changing with the culture. In Egypt she was Isis, in Greece and Rome she was called Venus, Diana, Athena, and a host of other names, but was always prayed to and central to the faith which was based on Babylonian mystery religion. According to Hislop, Constantine, though claiming to convert to Christianity, remained pagan but renamed the gods and goddesses with Christian names to merge the two faiths for his political advantage.
Christ's Crown and Covenant: or national covenanting essentially connected with national revival (Arbroath and Edinburgh, 1860)
Infant Baptism, according to the Word of God and confession of faith. Being a review, in five letters, of the new theory of Professor Lumsden, as advocated in his treatise entitled, "Infant baptism: its nature and objects." (Edinburgh, 1856)
The Light of Prophecy let in on the dark places of the Papacy (exposition of 2 Thess 2: 3–12) (Edinburgh, 1846)
The Moral Identity of Babylon and Rome (London, 1855)
The Red Republic; or Scarlet Coloured Beast of the Apocalypse (Edinburgh, 1849)
The Rev. E.B. Elliott and the "Red Republic" (Arbroath, circa 1850)#
The Scriptural Principles of the Solemn League and Covenant : in their bearing on the present state of the Episcopal churches (Glasgow, 1858)
The Trial of Bishop Forbes (A lecture delivered in East Free Church, Arbroath) (Edinburgh, 1860)
Truth and Peace (in reply to a pamphlet, entitled "Charity and mutual forbearance" by "Irenicus") (Arbroath, 1858)
The Two Babylons; or, the Papal Worship proved to be the worship of Nimrod and his wife (Edinburgh, 1853 & 1858)
Unto the Venerable the General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland : the petition of the undersigned (relates to James Lumsden on "Infant Baptism": Hislop was head signatory of this petition) (Edinburgh, 1860)
Contents of Hislop – Two Babylons
Introduction (in this present topic, see below)
Chapter I Distinctive Character of the Two Systems
Chapter II Objects of Worship
Section I. Trinity in Unity
Section II. The Mother and Child, and the Original of the Child
Sub-Section I. The Child in Assyria
Sub-Section II. The Child in Egypt
Sub-Section III. The Child in Greece
Sub-Section IV. The Death of the Child
Sub-Section V. The Deification of the Child
Section III. The Mother of the Child
Chapter III Festivals
Section I. Christmas and Lady-day
Section II. Easter
Section III. The Nativity of St. John
Section IV. The Feast of the Assumption
See Chapter V, Section IV regarding Cupid (St. Valentine’s Day)
Chapter IV Doctrine and Discipline
Section I. Baptismal Regeneration
Section II. Justification by Works
Section III. The Sacrifice of the Mass
Section IV. Extreme Unction
Section V. Purgatory and Prayers for the Dead
Chapter V Rites and Ceremonies
Section I. Idol Procession
Section II. Relic Worship
Section III. The Clothing and Crowning of Images
Section IV. The Rosary and the Worship of the Sacred Heart
Section V. Lamps and Wax-Candles
Section VI. The Sign of the Cross
Chapter VI Religious Orders
Section I. The Sovereign Pontiff
Section II. Priests, Monks, and Nuns
Chapter VII The Two Developments Historically and Prophetically Considered
Section I. The Great Red Dragon
Section II. The Beast from the Sea
Section III. The Beast from the Earth
Section IV. The Image of the Beast
Section V. The Name of the Beast, the Number of His Name— Invisible Head of the Papacy
Catholicism is supposedly founded in the Bible, in New Testament Christianity, but examining closer, it is a totally false religion.
In this theWord class, we teach you how to search across theWord Bible Versions. One search across every installed Bible in theWord at the time. Search Propitiation for example. Some Bible versions don't like the word apparently, or just don't use it.