Smith Basics of Bible Interpretation

Basics of Bible Interpretation

Basics of Bible Interpretation
by Bob Smith

Smith Basics of Bible InterpretationThis is a primer on Interpreting the Bible by Pastor Bob Smith. He has 13 chapters on how to interpret the Bible, and his form is very easy to read and understand.

Although I find this work by Pastor Smith very good, I would caution that he may use other versions than the KJV. In Chapter 2 he endorses “many versions” as a blessing and mentions the Philips paraphrase and also the Living Bible.

People often wonder which English translation of the Bible they should use, and they are troubled by the multiplicity of versions available today. I’d like to suggest that this is not a problem, but a blessing. Each translation represents untold hours of careful scholarship through which the translators endeavored to carry over the best sense of the original language. No translation is a perfect expression of the original, simply because there are often no word-for-word equivalents in the two languages. That’s why biblical scholars study Hebrew and Greek, plus a number of related languages, to get as close as possible to the original intent. All of the scholarly translations, however, are sufficiently accurate to be trusted to give us an understanding of the truth. So, whether you choose to study the New American Standard Version, the Revised Standard Version, the New International Version, or the older King James Version, you can hear God speak to you through any of them.

The most practical way to resolve a problem in the English text is to compare translations when in doubt, even utilizing the paraphrases, such as Phillips’ New Testament and The Living Bible. When using these, however, it is wise to rest your confidence more heavily on the standard versions. In my opinion, the Phillips translation has stayed much closer to the original language than The Living Bible, but either paraphrase is useful if you are careful to compare and weigh the different renderings. Eternity magazine published a helpful review of English versions which is listed in the bibliography in the Appendix.

Personally I see these two paraphrases as well as the NIV as dangerous Bible versions. They are very inaccurate as they seek to put God’s Word more in “something different than what we always have had in the KJV” than something more accurate. Yes there are some very difficult passages in the Bible, but it is better to study these words, phrases, and passages in the original languages than use paraphrases. If the student does not know the original languages then use good conservative commentaries that are written by men who are experts in these languages. But somebodies opinion about a passage doesn’t pass much confidence, and this is basically what these paraphrases are, an opinion by people who are looking for “something different” rather than something original, the “old paths”.

Notwithstanding, Smith’s work has a lot of merit on how to interpret the Bible.

Contents of Smith Basics of Bible Interpretation

Introduction
Acknowledgments

PHASE 1: BACK TO BASICS
For everyone who wants to understand what God has said to man in his Word.

1. Words of Life
2. Is Anybody Listening?
3. The Goal of Bible Study
4. Interpretive Principles
5. The Interpretive Process
6. Bible Study Approaches

PHASE 2: FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE
A look at the fascinating world of metaphoric and symbolic language.

7. Figures of Speech
8. The Language of Analogy (especially Parables)
9. Allegories and Types

PHASE 3: BIBLICAL LANGUAGES
A bit of insight into the thought patterns of the Hebrew and Greek language behind our English text.

10. The Greeks Had a Word for It
11. Helps on Hebrew: What Every Bible Student Needs to Know About Hebrew (by David H. Roper)

PHASE 4: STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
The final step: analyzing structure and summarizing in outline form.

12. Getting It All Together

INDEX to the APPENDIX and APPENDICES

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About Pastor David Cox

I am a pastor and missionary of Fundamental Baptist Church in Mexico City, Mexico. I am also the webmaster of this and several other websites (both in English and Spanish).