Table of Contents
Krummacher The Suffering Savior is a work devoted to Christ, as the suffering Savior. In 53 chapters he examines various aspects of Christ’s salvation ministry as well as the Life of Christ.
By Frederick W Krummacher
Table of Contents of Krummacher The Suffering Savior
1. The announcement
2. The anointing
3. The entry into Jerusalem
4. Christ washing his disciples’ feet
5. The Passover
6. The institution of the Lord’s supper
7. “Lord, is it I?”
8. Judas Iscariot
9. The woe denounced
10. The walk to Gethsemane
11. The converse by the way
12. Gethsemane – conflict and victory
13. Gethsemane – import and result
14. The sudden assault
15. The traitor’s kiss
16. The sword and the cup
17. Offering and sacrifice
18. Christ before Annas
19. The judicial procedure
20. The fall of Peter
21. The great confession
22. Peter’s tears
23. “Prophesy unto us, thou Christ!”
24. Christ before the Sanhedrin
25. The end of the traitor
26. Christ before Pilate
27. The accusations
28. Christ a king
29. “What is truth?”
30. The lamb of God
31. Christ before Herod
32. Pilate our advocate
33. Jesus or Barabbas
35. The scourging
36. “Ecce homo!”
37. The close of the proceedings
38. The way to the cross
39. Simon of Cyrene
40. The daughters of Jerusalem
41. The crucifixion
42. The dividing of the raiment
43. The inscription
44. “Father, forgive them”
45. The malefactor
46. The legacy of love
47. “Eli, Eli, lama Sabachthani!”
48. “I thirst!”
49. “It is finished!”
50. “Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit!”
51. The signs that followed
52. The wound of the lance
53. The interment
PREFACE from Krummacher The Suffering Savior
In the following meditations I trust I have succeeded in displaying to my readers at least a portion of those riches which are contained in the inexhaustible treasury of our Savior’s sufferings. Unmutilated scriptural truth, such as I believe I promulgate, still finds a favorable reception in the world, which I have been permitted to experience in the most gratifying manner. I mention it, solely to the praise of God, and for the satisfaction of those who are like-minded, that my writings, or at least a part of them, are, as I hear, already translated into English, French, Dutch, Swedish, and as I am assured, though I cannot vouch for the fact, into the Danish language also. My “Elijah the Tishbite” has even appeared in a Chinese attire. But that which is of greater importance, is the news I am constantly receiving of the manifold blessing which the Lord of his great and unmerited favor has bestowed upon my labors. That in his condescension and loving-kindness, He would also deign to bless this my most recent work is so much the more my heartfelt wish and ardent prayer, since it has for its subject the chief supporting pillar of the whole church—the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ.
The division of the work into the “Outer Court,” the “Holy Place,” and the “Most Holy Place,” is intended merely to point out the different stages of the Redeemer’s sufferings, from their commencement to their close, but by no means to attach a less or greater importance to them. Had the latter been the case, I would naturally have assigned the institution of the Lord’s Supper its appropriate place in the “Most Holy Place,” instead of the “Outer Court.” But in the plan of this volume, it falls among the class of events, which immediately precede the propitiatory work of the Mediator. Krummacher The Suffering Savior
From that time, the lamb continued to be the most prominent figure by which God typified the future Messiah to the children of Abraham. Thenceforward it acquired an abiding footing in Israel’s sacrificial rights in general and in the early Passover in particular.
In the latter each household was enjoined by the Mosaic law to bring a male lamb without blemish or infirmity to the sanctuary, there solemnly confess their transgressions over it, then bring it, typically burdened with their sins, to the court of the temple to be slain; and after it was roasted, consume it entirely, in festive communion with joy and thanksgiving to The Lord. That which was prophetically typical in this ceremony was so apparent that even the most simple mind could not mistake it. Everyone who was only partially susceptible of that which was divinely symbolical, felt immediately impressed with the idea that this divine ordinance could have no other aim than to keep alive in Israel, along with the remembrance of the promised Deliverer, the confidence and hope in Him. Krummacher The Suffering Savior
John the Baptist appears in the wilderness; and the first greeting with which he welcomes Jesus, which was renewed whenever he saw Him, is, “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world!” thereby directing the attention of the whole world to Jesus, as if there were thenceforward nothing else worth seeing in heaven or on earth than this Lamb of God; and by so doing, he certainly directs us to the greatest and most beatifying of all mysteries, and to the pith and marrow of the entire gospel. Krummacher The Suffering Savior
For if Christ had been only the “Lion of the tribe of Judah,” and not at the same time “the Lamb,” what would it have availed us? As “the Lamb,” He is the desire of all nations, the Star of hope to the exiles from Eden, the Sun of righteousness in the night of sorrow to those whom the law condemns, and the heavenly Lamp to the wanderer in the gloomy vale of death.
He is all this as “the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world.”
But this expression implies, not only that the sin of the world grieves His sacred heart, or that He endured the contradiction of sinners against Himself, and that He patiently bore the pain inflicted on Him by their sins, and by His life and doctrine aimed at removing sin.
The words have a meaning which cannot be properly fathomed. Christ bore the sin of the world in a much more peculiar and literal sense than that just mentioned. He bore it by letting it be imputed to Him by His Father, in a manner incomprehensible to us, so that it became no longer ours but His.
“God was in Christ, reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespasses unto them” (2 Corinthians 5:19). Krummacher The Suffering Savior
What can this mean, but that God did not leave the world to suffer for its trespasses, nor even for its sins. And if it be asked, “Who then did suffer if the world escaped?” We find the answer in the verse where it is said, “He hath made him to be sin for us who knew no sin, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”
Here we must not pass unnoticed the wonderful union and amalgamation into which Christ entered with the human race, the mysterious depths of which we shall never fathom here below.
Eventually, we shall be astonished in what a profound and comprehensive sense Christ became our Head; and how literally the title belonged to Him of the Representative of Our race. But then we shall also learn to know and comprehend how, without infringing upon the moral order of the world, the guilt of others could be transferred to Him, and how He could thus become “the Lamb of God that taketh away the sin of the world.”
Keeping this position of our Lord in view as Mediator and Surety, the accusations which were heaped upon Christ by the Jews acquire a deep symbolical signification. Although in the abstract, as far as they have reference to our Lord in His moral capacity, they were the most abominable slanders and falsehoods; yet in another respect, they have much of truth at their basis. The world, according to God’s counsel and will, discharges on its Representative, Jesus Christ, the transgressions of which itself is guilty; and the groundless accusations of the Jews serve only to place in the brightest and most brilliant light, the Lamb-like character of our great Redeemer.
Still more clearly does “the Lamb of God” manifest itself in Christ, in the conduct which He observes, amid the furious accusations of His adversaries.
Jesus is silent, as if actually guilty of all that they charge upon Him. Pilate, unable to cope with the storm which roars around him from the crowd below, almost entreats the Lord to say something in His own defense. But Jesus is silent. Pilate, occupied solely with Him, says, “Answerest thou nothing? Behold how many things they witness against Thee?” “But Jesus,” as the narrative informs us, “answered nothing, so that Pilate marveled.”
How could he do otherwise, seeing that he only measured the Lord’s conduct by a human standard? Krummacher The Suffering Savior
Everyone else, at a moment when life was at stake, would have hastily brought together everything that could have overthrown the charges brought against him, especially if so much had stood at his command as in the case of Jesus; but He is silent.
Everyone else would at least have demanded proofs of the truth of the shameless denunciations of His opponents; but not a syllable proceeds from Jesus’ lips. Krummacher The Suffering Savior Everyone else in His situation would have appealed from the mendacious priesthood to the consciences of the people, and have roused the feeling of what is just and right in those who were not entirely hardened, but Jesus appealed to no one, either in heaven or on earth.
Ah! had Pilate known who He was that stood thus meekly before him, how would he have marveled! It was He before whose judgment seat all the millions that have ever breathed upon earth will be summoned, that He may pronounce upon them their final and eternal sentence.
It was He before whom the sons of Belial, who now heap their lying accusations upon Him, will at length appear bound in the fetters of His curse, and who, under the thunder of His sentence, will call upon the rocks to fall upon them, and the hills to cover them, and hide them from the face of Him that sitteth upon the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb. And He now stands before their bar, and is mute, like one who thinks He must give up all hope of gaining His cause. But the Lord also observes silence with regard to those who blaspheme Him in the present day. It is a silence of forbearance, but also partly of contempt; for they likewise blaspheme Him against light and knowledge. Eventually He will speak to them, and then they will be constrained tremblingly to acknowledge that they would not have Him to reign over them. Christ is silent when His people murmur against Him and complain of His ways and guidance. He is mute in this case also, from the profoundest feeling of innocence, well knowing that while supplicating His forgiveness, they will kiss His hands for having led them just so and not otherwise.
In other respects Christ is not silent upon earth. He that has an ear for His voice, hears it in a variety of ways in every place. Witnessing for Himself and His cause, He speaks at one time in obvious judgments which He inflicts upon His foes; and at another in tangible blessings and answers to prayer with which He favors His friends.
He speaks by the surprising confirmations which science in its progress is often involuntarily obliged to afford His word; as well as by the manifold signs of the times which manifest nothing but a literal fulfillment of His prophecies. Hence what we read in Psalm 19 literally becomes true: “There is no speech nor language where their voice is not heard. Their sound is gone forth through all the earth, and their words unto the end of the world.”
But the chief cause of Jesus’ silence amid the stormy accusations of His adversaries, has not yet been touched upon. It lies in His mediatorial position. Our Lord, the Lamb of God, the High Priest, the heavenly Surety, is silent for He takes upon Himself before the face of God all that of which He is accused, because He is willing to suffer and repay, as the mediating and universal debtor, all that we have incurred.
Beholding the Lamb of God harmoniously dissolves all our inward discords, restrains every passion, makes the commandment which is otherwise a heavy chain into a gentle yoke beneath which, led by the paternal hand of Deity, we joyfully pursue our way. In this looking to the Lamb consists “the victory that overcometh the world.”
But when our eyes open in the heavenly world, we shall behold the Lamb without a veil. No cloud will then conceal Him from us anymore. We sink low at His feet in humble adoration, and join with the hosts of the just made perfect, in the never-ending hymn, “Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive honor, and glory, and blessing, forever and ever.” Amen.
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Krummacher The Suffering Savior is a work devoted to Christ, as the suffering Savior. In 53 chapters he examines various aspects of Christ's salvation ministry as well as the Life of Christ.
|Author:||Friedrich Wilhelm Krummacher|
|Date:||April 28, 2016|